Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS)
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is a disorder characterized most commonly by cramping, abdominal pain, bloating, constipation, and diarrhea.
IBS causes a great deal of discomfort and distress, but it does not permanently harm. The intestines and does not lead to a serious disease, such as cancer.
Most people can control their symptoms with diet, stress management, and prescribed medications. For some people, however, IBS can be disabling. They may be unable to work, attend social events, or even travel short distance.
- Researchers have yet to discover any specific cause for irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
- One theory is that people who suffer from IBS have a colon that is particularly sensitive and reactive to certain foods and stress.
- The immune system, which fights infection, may also be involved.
Abdominal pain, bloating, and discomfort are the main symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). However, symptoms can vary from person to person. Some people experience constipation. Often these people report straining and cramping when trying to have a bowel movement but cannot eliminate any stool, or they are able to eliminate only a small amount. If they are able to have a bowel movement, there may be mucus in it, which is a fluid that moistens and protect passages in the digestive system. Some people with IBS experience diarrhea. People with diarrhea frequently feel an urgent and uncontrollable need to have a bowel movement. Other people with IBS alternate between constipation and diarrhea. Sometimes people find that their symptoms subside for a few months and then return, while others report a constant worsening of symptoms over time.
Symptoms include the following:
- Abdominal pain or discomfort for at least 12 weeks out of the previous 12 months. It is relieved by having a bowel movement.
- Change in frequency/appearance of bowel movement.
- Uncontrollable urge to have a bowel movement.
- Difficulty or inability to have a bowel movement.
- Mucus in the stool.
- Bleeding, fever, weight loss, and persistent severe pain are not symptoms of IBS and may indicate other problems such as inflammation, or rarely, cancer.
The following have been associated with a worsening of IBS symptoms:
- Large meals
- Bloating from gas in the colon
- Wheat, rye, barley, chocolate, milk products, or alcohol
- Drinks with caffeine, such as coffee, tea, or colas
- Stress, conflict, or emotional upsets
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is generally diagnosed on the basis of a complete medical history that includes a careful description of symptoms and a physical examination. Although there is no specific test for IBS, diagnostic tests may be performed to rule out other problems.
You will need to work with your doctor to find the best combination of medicine, diet, counseling, and support to control your symptoms. Homeopathy medicines works well in IBS
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