Vitiligo - Leucoderma is a condition in which your skin loses melanin, the pigment that determines the color of your skin, hair and eyes. Vitiligo occurs when the cells that produce melanin die or no longer form melanin, causing slowly enlarging white patches of irregular shapes to appear on your skin.
Vitiligo usually starts as small areas of pigment loss that spread with time.
The main sign of vitiligo is:
- Pigment loss that produces milky-white patches (depigmentation) on skin
Other less common signs may include:
- Premature whitening or graying of the hair on scalp, eyelashes, eyebrows or beard
- Loss of color in the tissues that line the inside of mouth (mucous membranes)
- Loss of or change in color of the inner layer of your eye (retina)
Although any part of body may be affected by vitiligo, depigmentation usually develops first on sun-exposed areas of skin, such as your hands, feet, arms, face and lips. Genitals also may be affected. Although it can start at any age,
Generally appears in one of three patterns:
- Generalized. In this most common subtype, pigment loss is widespread across many parts of your body, often symmetrically.
- Segmental. Loss of skin color occurs on only one side of your body. This type tends to occur at a younger age, progress for a year or two, then stop.
- Focal. Depigmentation is limited to one or a few areas of your body.
The natural course of vitiligo is difficult to predict. In most cases, pigment loss spreads and can eventually involve most of the surface of skin.
Vitiligo occurs when melanin-forming cells (melanocytes) fail to produce melanin — the dark pigment in the epidermis that gives your skin its normal color. The involved patch of skin then becomes white. It isn't known why this occurs.
· It may be due to an immune system disorder.
· Heredity may be a factor because there's an increased incidence of vitiligo in some families. Some people have reported a single event, such as sunburn or emotional distress, that triggered the condition.
· Sometimes pigment loss can occur in someone who’s had a melanoma, a malignancy of the cells that produce melanin (melanocytes).
· However, none of these theories has been proved as a definite cause of vitiligo.
The goal of treatment is to stop or slow the progression of pigment loss and, if you desire, attempt to return some color to your skin.
Homeopathy medicines works well in Vitiligo – Leucoderma
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