Diarrhea means that you have a change in your bowel movements and pass unusually loose stools. Stool is what is left after your digestive system (stomach, small intestine, and colon) absorbs nutrients and fluids from what you eat and drink. Stool passes out of the body through the rectum. If fluids are not absorbed, or if your digestive system produces extra fluids, stools will be loose and watery. Loose stools are larger than usual. People with diarrhoea often have frequent bowel movements and may pass more than a quart of watery stool a day.
Other symptoms accompany Diarrhoea
- Crampy pain in the abdomen, the area between the chest and the hips
People who have diarrhoea may also have
- Swelling in the abdomen
- An uncomfortable feeling around the anus
- An urgent need to have a bowel movement
- An inability to control their bowels (fecal incontinence)
Also, people with diarrhoea may feel sick to their stomach or be dehydrated.
Dehydration means that your body does not have enough fluid to work properly. Every time you breathe out, sweat, urinate, or have a bowel movement, you lose fluid. Diarrhea increases the amount of fluid lost in bowel movements. Along with the fluid, you lose salts—chemicals that your body needs to work properly. The loss of fluids and salts can be serious, especially for babies and young children and for older people.
The signs of dehydration in adults are
- Being thirsty
- Urinating less often than usual
- Having dark-colored urine
- Having dry skin
- Feeling tired or dizzy
In addition, the kidneys could stop working.
The signs of dehydration in babies and young
- Having a dry mouth and tongue
- Crying without tears
- Having no wet diapers for 3 hours or more
- Having a high fever
- Being unusually sleepy or drowsy
Also, when children have diarrhoea, their skin seems to lose its elasticity. It does not flatten back to normal when pinched and released.
Who gets diarrhoea?
Anyone can get diarrhoea. This common problem can last a day or two or for months or years, depending on the cause. Most people get better on their own, but diarrhoea can be serious for babies and older people if lost fluids are not replaced. Many people throughout the world die from diarrhoea because of the large volume of water lost and the accompanying loss of salts.
Causes for diarrhoea
- Diarrhea can be caused by
- Bacteria, viruses, or parasites (tiny organisms that live inside a larger organism)
- Medicines such as antibiotics
- Foods such as milk
- Diseases that affect the stomach, small intestine, or colon, such as Crohn’s disease and irritable bowel syndrome
- Sometimes no cause for diarrhoea can be found.
What tests might be done?
Your doctor may want to perform tests to find the cause of the diarrhoea:
- A physical exam
- Stool or blood tests to look for bacteria, parasites, or other signs of disease or infection
- Fasting tests to see whether diarrhoea goes away when you stop eating a particular food
- A sigmoidoscopy, an examination of the inside of the rectum and part of the colon
- A colonoscopy, an examination of the inside of the whole colon for a sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy, the doctor uses a thin, flexible, lighted tube with a lens on the end.
- Children should drink a special liquid that has all the nutrients they need. These solutions are sold without a prescription in grocery stores or drugstores. Pedialyte, Ceralyte, or Infalyte are some examples.
In many cases of diarrhoea, replacing lost fluid and salts is the only treatment needed.
Soft fruits or vegetables. Adults should consume broth, soup, fruit juices; Taking medicine to stop diarrhoea can be helpful in some cases. Medicines that are available without a doctor’s prescription include loperamide (Imodium).Stop taking these medicines if symptoms get worse or if diarrhoea lasts more than 2 days.
If a particular food or medicine is the cause, you should avoid it.
Also, while you are waiting for the diarrhoea to end, you should avoid foods that can make it worse:
- Milk and milk products, such as ice cream or cheese
- High-fat or greasy foods, such as fried foods
- Foods that have a lot of fiber, such as citrus fruits
- Very sweet foods, such as cakes and cookies
People who are visiting other countries and eat food or drink water contaminated by bacteria, viruses, or parasites can develop traveller’s diarrhoea.
You can prevent it by being careful:
- Avoid drinking tap water or using ice cubes made from
- Avoid drinking unpasteurized milk Or eating dairy products made from it.
- Avoid eating raw fruits and vegetables unless they can be peeled and you peel them
- Do not eat raw or rare meat or fish.
- Do not eat meat or shellfish that is not hot when served to you.
- Do not eat food sold by street vendors. You can safely drink bottled water, carbonated soft drinks, and hot drinks like coffee or tea.
Points to Remember
- Diarrhea is a common problem.
- Diarrhea is caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites, some foods or medicines, or diseases that affect the digestive system.
- Diarrhea is dangerous if you become dehydrated.
- Replacing lost fluids is the main treatment for diarrhoea.
Talk to a doctor if you have strong pain in the abdomen or rectum, a fever, blood in your stool, signs of dehydration, or severe diarrhoea for more than 3 days (1 day in the case of children).
For more details & Consultation Feel free to contact us.
Vivekanantha Clinic Consultation Champers at
Pondicherry:- 9865212055 (Camp)
For appointment please Call us or Mail Us.
For appointment: SMS your Name -Age – Mobile Number - Problem in Single word - date and day - Place of appointment (Eg: Rajini - 99xxxxxxx0 – Recurrent Diarrhoea – 21st Oct, Sunday - Chennai ). You will receive Appointment details through SMS